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History....
 

THE MAIN FUNCTIONS OF THE POLICE ARE PREVENTION AND DETECTION of crime and the maintenance of law and order. Besides these, they have to apprehend offenders, escort prisoners and treasure, prosecute criminals and control and regulate traffic.
In the year 1904, the then Thane district had fourteen stations and forty-four out-posts. In 1911, however, the strength of police stations was reduced to five. The position was again changed in 1921 when the number of police stations was raised to twenty-four and that of out-posts to thirty-five.

Year

Number of
Police stations

Out-posts

1946
..
21

31

1951
..
28

37

1956
..
31
36
1961
..
27
33
1966
..
Not available
 
1971
..
38
39
1976
..
38
42
 
The following statement shows the position for some years beginning with 1946 :—

The Thana District Gazetteer published in 1882 gives the police strength of Thane district in 1880 as 842. This figure included one District Superintendent, two subordinate officers, 150 inferior officers and 689 foot constables. The distribution of police . personnel in the district in the years 1903, 1911 and 1912 is shown in table No. 1. Table No. 2 shows police strength in Thane district for a few years since 1960.

 
Table 1                  
Priculars
Year
Inspectors
 
Sergeants
Sub-
Inspectors
Chief 
Constables 
Head
Constables
Constables
Total  
Guards
Officers
Men
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
At fourteen police stations
1903 ..
2
..
..
11
36
112
161
..
..
1911* ..
1
1
9
..
24
166
201
1
3
1921* ..
..
24
..
193
364
581
At forty-four out-posts
1903 ..
..
..
..
..
39
136
178
..
..
1911* ..
..
..
..
..

39

143
182
..
..
1921* ..
..
..
..
..
77
55
132
..
At district headquarters
1903 ..
..
..
..
..
15
61
76
4
11
1911 ..
1
..
3
..
12
52
68
..
1921 ..
2
..
3
..
30
131
166
..
..
At taluka headquarters 
1903 ..
..
..
..
..
46
190
236
21
83
1911 ..
4
..
4
.. 
63
209
290
..
..
1921 ..
4
1
2
..
..
..
7
..
Reserve .. ..
1903 ..
..
..
.. 
1

16

108
125
..
..
1911 ..
..
1
.. 
12
150
163
..
..
1921 ..
..
..
3
..
..
130
133
..
Total .. .. ..
1903 ..
2
..
..
2
152
610
776
25
94
1911 ..
6
1
27
..
150
720
904
1
3
1921 ..
6
1
32
..
300
680
1.019
..
..
 
TABLE No. 2—STRENGTH OF POLICE FORCE, THANE DISTRICT
Particulars
1960
1966
1970
1974
1
2
3
4
5
SuperinteiAdents
2
2
2
3
Assistant Superintendent
1
1
1
Deputy Superintendents ..
2
3
2
5
Inspectors . .
8
9
10
26
Sub-Inspectors . 
66
52
51
136
Jarnadars ..
.. ..
20
22
53
Head Constables. . 
499
371
425
952
Constables ... 
.. 1,810
1,462
1,739
3,304
Total .
2,388
1,919
2,252
4,480
 

In the year 1946 Thane district was included in the northern range of the Bombay State while it was listed in the C.I.D. Range in 1951. From 1957 onwards it was included in the Bombay range of police.
The proportion of police to area and population of the district for a few years has been given below :—

Year

Proportion of police to

Area
Population
1946
..

2.32 square miles

671
1951
..

2.52 square miles

976
1956
..

1.40 square miles

653
1961
..

1.56 square miles

703
1966
..

3.05 square kilometres

549
1974
..

2.3 square kilometres

547

The Bombay Village Police Act of 1867 places much responsibility upon the Police Patil. He has to ensure protection against robbery. breach of peace and acts injurious to village community. He keeps the Taluka Magistrate constantly informed about the state of crime in the area under his charge. He has to execute all orders and warrants issued to him by an Executive Magistrate or a police officer and has to forward information of crime to the nearest police station.

A number of factors, which are beyond the scope of this study, have given rise to the law and order problems in Thane district, as in other areas of the State. This has necessitated the increase in the police force during the last about twenty-five years.


(Creation of Thane Police Commissionerate and Thane Rural Police District)

 

GOVERNMENT OF MAHARASHTRA, Home Department, Resolution No. APO 0380 / 4493 / POL – 3, Mantralaya, Bombay – 400 032, Dated the 30th April 1981.
RESOLUTION OF GOVERNMENT, Maharashtra

1.

The Police administration in the Thane District has, of late, become unwieldy. The problems  facing the police, particularly in the towns of Thane, Bhiwandi, Dombivli, Kalyan, Ulhasnagar and Ambarnath and in the areas in their vicinity, are on the increase, both in magnitude and complexity, due to rapid industrialization, which in its wake has brought about phenomenal increase in population and crime. A close scrutiny of all these problems has revealed that the conditions prevailing in and around these towns are distinctly different  from those obtaining in the rural areas and call for a change in the pattern of policing in the main urban areas in the Thane District for the purpose of ensuring effective policing. Government is accordingly pleased to direct that the police administration in the aforesaid urban areas of  the Thane District should be placed in charge of  a Commissioner of police and accordingly sanctions the establishment of a police Commissionerate for the aforesaid urban areas of the Thane District, the residual areas in the Thane District being included in the Thane Rural Police District.

   
2. For this purpose, the following notifications should be published in the Maharashtra Government Gazette –
 

( i ) A notification under the section 7( a ) of the Bombay police Act, 1951 ( Bom. XXII of 1951 ), appointing the Commissioner of police for the aforesaid urban areas.

( ii ) A notification under clause ( s ) of section 2 of the Code of criminal procedure, 1973 ( 2 of 1974 ), defining the areas under the furisdiction of the police stations forming part of the Thane Commissionerate;

( iii ) A notification under clause ( s ) of section 2 of the Code of criminal procedure, 1973 ( 2 of 1974 ), transferring 18 villages from the areas under the jurisdiction of the Bhiwandi Taluka Police Station to the areas  under the jurisdictions of the Bhoiwada and Bhiwandi Town Police Stations ; and

( iv ) A notification under section 21 of the Code of criminal Procedure, 1973 ( 2 of 1974 ), appointing the Commissioners of police, Deputy Commissioners of police,  and Assistant  Commissioners of Police as Special Executive Magistrates for exercising powers under section 107, 108, 109 and 110 of the said Code.

   
3. After taking into account the number of posts sanctioned for the existing Thane District, Government is pleased to accord sanction to the –
 

( I ) creation, on the usual scales of pay and allowances, of the posts for the Thane Police Commissionerate and the Thane Rural Police District, for the period ending the 28th Annexure ‘ A ‘,

 

( II ) redesignation of  ( i ) the existing posts of Superintendent of Police, Thane and three posts of Additional Superintendent of Police , Thane as Deputy Commissioners of Police and ( ii ) the existing six posts of Deputy Superintendents of police as Asssistant Commissioners of police;

 

( III ) incurring of non-recurring expenditure ( i ) towards the purchase of vehicles, wireless sets, typewriters, furniture and other dead stock articles, etc. after following the usual procedure and ( ii ) for the installation of telephones, at a total cost not exceeding Rs. 32,88,000/- ( Rupees thirty two lakhs and eighty – eight thousand only ) , as indicated in Annxure ‘ B ‘ ; and

 

( IV ) incurring of expenditure not exceeding Rs. 2,69,000/- ( Rupees two lakhs and sixtynine-thousand only ) ( recurring ) towards the rent of telephones and maintenance of vehicles and wireless sets, etc., during the current financial year 1981-82.

   
4.

Sanction is also accorded to the formation of three Sub-Divisions in the Thane Rural Police District, as indicated in Annexure ‘ C ‘.

   
5.

Government is pleased to direct that the set up of Thane Police Commissionerate and the Thane Rural Police District should, with effect from the 1st May 1981, be as indicated in Annexure ‘ D ‘.

   
6.

The District Magistrate, Thane, should make immediate arrangements for carrying out the work of copying the relevant records of permanent nature in his office with due expedition and for supplying copies there of to the Commissioner of police, Thane . He should also transfer to the office of the Commissioner of police, such of the records of non-permanent nature in his office as is required to be transferred to that office due to transfer of functions.

   
7.

The expenditure involved should be debited to the budget head “255, police –(K) ( i ) District Police Force “ and met from the grants sanctioned there under in the Budget Estimates 1981-82, by way of a Section I New Item.

   
8.

This Resolution issues with the concurrence of the Finance Department –Vide its un-official reference No. CR. 3309/EXP-3, dated the 5th December 1980.

 
By order and in the name of the Governor of Maharashtra,
 

EVOLUTION

           

 


 

   
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